SICKLE CELL DISEASE
What is Sickle cell Disease?
Sickle Cell Disease is a group of inherited red blood disorder that affects the red blood cells. Red blood cells are round like donuts, and they move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. Sickle Cell Disease causes blood vessels to clog and stuck, blocking blood flow. This can cause pains and other serious problems such as infection, organ damage, chest pains and stroke.
Sickle Cell Disease is a genetic problem. People with the disease are born with two sickle cell genes, one from each parent. If a person has only one sickle cell gene, it is called Sickle Cell trait. The signs and symptoms of people with sickle cell disease start during the first year of life, usually around 5 months of age. Symptoms and complications of the sickle cell disease are different for each person and can range from mild to severe. Very severe symptoms often are hospitalized frequently for treatments. The most common symptoms are pain and problems from anemia.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects millions of people throughout the world and is particularly common among those whose ancestors came from sub-Saharan Africa; Spanish-speaking regions in the Western Hemisphere (South America, the Caribbean, and Central America); Saudi Arabia; India; and Mediterranean countries such as Turkey, Greece, and Italy.
There are different types of sickle cell disease
The most common is Hemoglobin Sickle Cell Anemia (SS).
Sickle-Hemoglobin C Disease (SC).
Sickle Beta-Plus Thalassemia and Sickle Beta-Zero Thalassemia.
How do I Know if I have Sickle Cell Trait or Anemia?
A blood test can show if you have the trait or anemia. Most states test newborn babies as part of their newborn screening programs. Children with sickle cell are at an increased risk of infection and other health problems, early diagnosis and treatment are important people at risk of having sickle cell and sickle trait can talk with a doctor or health clinic about getting this test and you can get tested at local sickle cell foundation. Center for Health Services provides testing for a family who want to know if they have Sickle Cell Trait and Sickle Cell disease.
Data and Statistics According to Center for Disease Control (CDC)
The exact number of people living with Sickle Cell Disease in the U.S. is unknown. However, the CDC in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health and 7 states (California, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, New York, Michigan and Pennsylvania) It is estimated that:
Sickle cell disease affects 90,000 to 100,000 Americans.
Sickle cell disease occurs among about 1 out of every 500 Black or African- American births.
Sickle cell disease occurs among about 1 out of every 36,000 Hispanic-American births.
Sickle cell trait occurs among about 1 in 12 Blacks or African Americans.